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Archive for the ‘2007 Lalu’ Category

C++: The Complete Reference 3rd Edition
Publisher: Osborne/McGraw-Hill | 1008 Pages | 1998-08-01 | ISBN: 0078824761 | PDF | 2 MB

Author Herb Schildt is the world’s best-selling C++ author with more than 2 million books sold. The most complete coverage of the newly updated ANSI C++ Standard–including updated material on the STL, namespace naming methods, an new classes. An easy-to-follow, three-part organization: I) Description of the root of C++; II) Detailed coverage of C++’s OOP components and classes; III) Effective C++ software application development.

Thanks to original uploader

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This site content move to www.belajarplc.co.nr. Silahkan Dicek.. dijamin situsnya keren.

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Nah ini, hasil jalan-jalan di wordpress. Ada juga yang nyaingin Transtool.. Artikel ini di dapat dari situs http://bahroell.wordpress.com/2008/01/04/indopreter-penerjemah-inggris-ke-indonesia-terbaik-saat-ini/

Bagi yang berminat silahkan di coba saja…

Bagi anda yang sedikit kebingungan menerjemahkan inggris ke bahasa atau sebaliknya. Gunakan saja software INDOPRETER.

Lumayan membantu banyak jika anda suka menerjemahkan.

Sofware ini seperti transtool… untuk lebih jelasnya baca aja di

http://bahroell.wordpress.com/2008/01/04/indopreter-penerjemah-inggris-ke-indonesia-terbaik-saat-ini/

http://rapidshare.com/files/31194186/IndopreterCD.iso.html
Ini link terbarunya
http://rapidshare.com/files/41315044/IndopreterCD.zip
Ini yang versi portable
http://rapidshare.com/files/68435151/SW-portable_indopreter.rar

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Tahukah anda, bagaimana cara men-setup OPC dengan menggunakan Simatic NET?

Pengen Tahu? Silahkan cek ling berikut ini. Klik Disini!

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If you are a Siemens PLC user then you’ve more then likely have run into Statement List (STL) programming. STL corresponds to the Instruction List language defined in the IEC 61131-3 specification. The programming is done with very simple mnemonics that can be hard to remember if you don’t use it very often.

These cheat sheets provide a quick reference guide for all the instructions and formatting. They are two pages long but if you can print on the front and back then they make for a nice one sheet reference.

STL Listed Alphabetically

Best used when trying to interpret an existing program.

Download: PDF (131KB)

STL Listed by Category

Download : PDF

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Courtesy of: Inductive Automation

Weaving it all together with Web Technology

Bronco Wine Company, Ceres, CA (the producer of “Two-buck Chuck”) uses FactoryPMI for enterprisewide process monitoring, control, and troubleshooting. It was a business decision to use this technology, and is paying off handsomely for the Franzia family-owned business.

Bronco Winery — Who are they?

“Bronco Winery is passionate about producing its wines with a consistent color, flavor, and ‘mouth-feel’”, says John Franzia, a co-owner in the California-based Bronco Wine Company. He is also a 60-something embracer of technology. He comments “Anytime, everywhere”—referring to his company’s adoption of Inductive Automation’s FactoryPMI Plant Management software solution to help his staff run their wine business.

The metrics are staggering. Their top brand—Charles Shaw— sells for $2 in California, and is known as “2-Buck-Chuck”. They produce and ship over 45 million liters or 12 million gallons of this brand annually.

Other wineries that use Bronco’s services require rigorous testing and process validation since it is THEIR reputations on the line. Bronco, with facilities in Ceres, Escalon, Napa, and Sonoma can manage this and all sides of their business because of the processes they have put into place.

“FactoryPMI is an integral part of our success,” suggests Bob Stashak, winemaker at Bronco’s Domaine Napa winery. “Our reputation is at stake.”

Bronco Wine Company

Meet Paul Franzia, Engineering Manager

“We are growers, producers, blenders, bottlers, and exporters of wine.” This suggests that the complex processes and procedures of winemaking have to be right.

“We are growing all the time,” he says.

He is responsible for the move to FactoryPMI. “We were using a SCADA product for environmental controls, and interfacing it [HMI] with the PLCs that were doing the control,” says Franzia. “Communication was sporadic, and was frequently non-responsive,” he mentions.

As the need to bring more information to more people grew, it was obvious that Bronco had a problem.

“They wanted big dough to re-license each existing client,” lamented Franzia. “FactoryPMI doesn’t use this model.” It is estimated that Bronco saved over $300,000 on client licenses alone.

That wasn’t the only battle that Bronco was fighting. Their enterprise plant management and SCADA solution needed to integrate with the databases from other enterprise software applications (IFS Maintenance Management Software and ProPak). It needed to provide scalability for over 150 clients in their 4 locations, plus remote access for troubleshooting.

Project costs were important. The selected software had to be efficient in deployment of clients and development of applications due to the geography. When a new project came on-stream, everyone needed to have it—automatically. And when a new client was needed, or client access rights had to be modified, it needed to be done quickly. A web-deployed system using open standards would be desirable.

And with compliance issues of utmost importance, reporting in both real-time and historically was paramount!

With the multiple plants, Bronco also had a need for all people to see all things.

“We needed to upgrade.” Paul Franzia states.

Bronco chose FactoryPMI from Inductive Automation.

FactoryPMI is a database-centric enterprise-class plant management and SCADA software which is helping Bronco Winery streamline their business as well as helping them meet their production targets and the stringent compliance requirements of the wine industry.

FactoryPMI uses a web browser to launch its client interface. Any computer that can connect to the network and run a browser is a FactoryPMI client. All the user needs is a login ID, and they can access the system to the level which their login group allows them to go.

Administrators can add or delete users on the fly, in real-time— and from anywhere! The security model inherent in the software allows for administrators to fine tune the projects, set user policies and tracks the activities at every FactoryPMI client.

FactoryPMI uses an SQL database as its engine. Interacting and sharing information with different databases is one of the main design features behind FactoryPMI.

A full reporting tool for real-time and historical data was attractive to Bronco—especially the ‘Click-to-Graph’ component.

FactoryPMI is a solution for operations as well as the business, connecting the enterprise from the plant floor to the back office. Based on standard software platforms such as Java and OPC, FactoryPMI allows Bronco to implement Paul Franzia’s dream of having real-time insight into the operations for himself and his supervisors, and John Franzia’s desire to stay successful.

How FactoryPMI is Working for Bronco

Real-time? No problem. In the past, many of the operations were based on paper and telephone conversations. “I can be in Napa, and see what’s going on in Ceres right now. Sometimes, I tell the supervisor that there is a problem before he even knows. FactoryPMI has given us insight into our business,” Franzia states.

Phone calls from supervisors can come to Paul Franzia’s phone at any time. Regardless of where he is (even in his truck he can use his laptop and air card), he can log into the system, and onto the screen that his supervisor is looking at and provide instant ‘managerial’ feedback and help.

Management efficiency is bettered greatly.

“Manual operations are where the mistakes happen. We are removing those opportunities so they (the operators) can’t make mistakes.”

Supervisors need access to their area of responsibility from wherever they are. Ken Cullum, Maintenance Manager at the Ceres Winery says, “Our refrigeration guys would have to record the same data in four different places. Now they enter it at any FactoryPMI station.”

Inductive Automation Panel

Benefits to the Winemaking Process

The locations, although miles apart, need to appear on— screen as if they were under the same roof. FactoryPMI’s project redirection feature allows that to happen. There are presently six servers running FactoryPMI—four in Ceres, one in Escalon, and one in Napa. Each server has certain projects running on them. When a user needs to view a different part of the operation, the software redirects the client to the required project even if it’s on a different server.

Server clustering allows the FactoryPMI servers to be redundant. These servers can run the same projects, and in future state, the servers will be configured in a clustered environment which will provide redundancy.

Bronco blends wine for that consistent ‘mouth-feel’ that John Franzia talked about. The winemakers need historical data such as temperatures, and analytical data to determine which tank of wine to use for their current schedule.

Tank management is a huge part of a winemakers’ daily and weekly job description. FactoryPMI serves up the data to allow them to make the business decisions necessary to properly manage their raw assets.

If a tank temperature went too high, they will know, and will be able to adjust their procedures accordingly. Bronco is moving towards wireless tank gauging, which will be monitored by FactoryPMI. Reports and real-time alerts will be pushed to the managers and the winemakers automatically.

During crush [a 24/7 grape harvest season], the weather is king. Everything is subject to change, and when it does everyone needs to know now. When a winemaker changes the plan, the process has to be agile and react. Cross-shift information exchange is no longer a challenge for Bronco.

FactoryPMI interfaces with the ProPak ‘grower relations’ database. Trucks carrying grapes arrive at the winery, and the load is analyzed and data entered into ProPak. When the same truck arrives at the dump pit some time later, FactoryPMI interrogates the ProPak database, and compares the information with its own database, which has been manipulated by a winemaker.

During crush, there is no time for mistakes. “Our seasonal employees are not wine-wise,” says John Franzia. “They don’t know the difference between a zinfandel grape and a chardonnay, and these are the employees that are dumping the trucks.”

The right truck HAS to be dumped into the right pit, at the right time. If the wrong load gets dumped into the wrong pit, it could mean the loss of hundreds of thousands of dollars to Bronco for each occurrence.

Without manual intervention, the truck is only dumped if everything matches.

Benefits to the Bottling Operations

In all locations everyone knows ‘how you’re doing’ because of FactoryPMI. As Dino Rossini, Operations Manager suggests, “We produce a minimum of 20,000 cases a day here. This is our only KPI [Key Performance Indicator]. That’s the only thing that matters, and no one can fool the system.”

“The downtime analysis from FactoryPMI gives me the ability to ‘predict’ failures based on my knowledge,” he says. “The login and security gives the operator ownership of the ’ whatever it is that he is about to do’.”

“The trending and relational data logging of PMI helps me out in a big way. The historical rear view mirror is especially helpful when we are trying to figure out a problem.”

“They can look at it, and they can do something about it!” exclaims John Franzia.

The Click-to-Graph function has been especially useful. “Click it and up it comes,” smiles Paul Franzia.

Robert Hall, Production Manager at the Ceres Winery adds, “We use FactoryPMI to track our efficiencies, and chart our downtime. It helps with line setups as well.”

Once the wine is bottled, the finished product is trucked to a climate controlled warehouse. Based on real-time and anticipated data from the weather service, FactoryPMI tells the PLC what to do. “This is where using Java makes things like this easy,” says Paul Fallgren, the chief integrator of the Bronco technology solution at Calmetrics. “We could not have done what Paul (Franzia) wanted to do with conventional software. FactoryPMI uses industry standard methods and practices which allows me to integrate our solution with all of the other technology that Bronco uses. The owner’s demands are high, and we can respond. Their needs can be easily met with FactoryPMI development timelines.”

Downtime Analysis Screen Press Run Screen

Reporting, Troubleshooting and Tech Support

“I’m the eye in the sky with FactoryPMI and all of the managers know it,” grins Paul Franzia. Using the graph trending, data logging tables and Click-to-Graph, Franzia can easily track and pin-point operational issues to solve problems in real time. The downtime reporting tools within FactoryPMI are really what he likes. “That’s the best,” he states very deliberately. The information that is gleaned from these reports has justified capital expenditure, and “made us better.” He was referring to hitting the production targets on a shift by shift basis. They rarely miss.

Rossini was very complimentary of Inductive Automation when it came to tech support. “We know who we’re dealing with, and can put a face on the company. They fix it.” This response was to the question of ‘What do you do when things don’t work as planned?’

Paul Franzia concurs. “We talk to the people who know, not a call center.”

John Franzia wraps up our conversation by saying, “We have a hell of a lot of stuff on it. It’s pretty impressive what the software can do.”

Paul Franzia is very matter of fact when he says that he can be in five places at once. “It makes me a better manager. Efficiencies have improved upwards of 30%, productivity targets are hit everyday, and I can be more responsive to the business and to my managers.”

Steve Hechtman, President of Inductive Automation has often said, “I am always looking for something that’s too good to be true.”

Bronco Winery has found it!

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Setting up an S7 connection using TCP/IP

The TCP/IP method of communication to the S7-300 and S7-400 PLC‘s via TCP/IP communication module uses the S7WIN, S7WINSP, S7NT, or S7NTSP protocol.

Software requirements

  • Siemens SIMATIC NET software v6.1 SOFTNET-S7 Industrial Ethernet
  • IFIXSCADA v5.x or above
  • Windows XP + SP1

Hardware requirements

  • Standard network card
  • S7-300 with CPU315-2 DP
  • Siemens power supply PS30/5A
  • Siemens CP343-1 TCP

The hardware modules occupy the following slots in the Siemens PLC:

  1. Siemens power supply
  2. S7-300 CPU 315-2 DP
  3. Ethernet CP343-1 TCP

Example configuration

All wiring should be installed according to Siemens documentation.

Installing the SIMATIC NET software

You must log in as an Administrator to install the SIMATIC NET software. Close all other running applications, including any antivirus software you may be running.

  1. On the SIMATIC NET flash screen, start the installation by clicking Install SIMATIC NET Software.
  2. The PC configuration screen appears. Click Next.
  3. Select the English language option, then click Next. Click Next again.
  4. Click yes to the licensing agreement screen.
  5. Enter your Name and Company on the User Registration screen.
  6. If you already have SIMATIC NET software installed, this will be the drive selected by default. Clear the Run automatic authorization option, and then click next. The Setup: Configuration screen appears.
  7. Select all application options to be installed. (This is necessary if you do not already have STEP7 installed on your machine. If STEP7 v5.2 or higher is already installed, you do not have to select the NCM PC/S7 v5.2 application.) Click Next.
  8. The applications you selected are installed. At the prompt, click OK to restart your system. The system restarts and installs the selected applications. Click Finish to restart your system again.

The SIMATIC NET software is now installed.

Configuring the SIMATIC NET software

This step involves using the Commissioning Wizard to configure the software you installed in the previous step.

Configuring the module

When your system restarts after the software has been installed, your system’s hardware configuration is scanned. The Commissioning Wizard appears automatically. (You can also access the Commissioning Wizard at Start/Simatic/SIMATIC NET/Settings/Commissioning Wizard.)

The number of steps required depends on the number of PC Ethernet cards (or modules) detected in your PC. The more modules you operate in the computer, the more steps are required.

  1. Click Next.

    An Ethernet Network Card with with the IP addresses settings shown above was found. This is the network card that will be configured for communication with the Siemens PLC. This is put on index 5.

    Note: The index of the network card can be set with the NCM PC Configuration (hardware configuration). The station index defaults to 5 if you use the Commissioning Wizard.

  2. Select the Use the module for productive operation in configured PC station option, and then click next.
  3. Clear the SIMATIC NET OPC Server in configured PC Station option and select the Configure more applications option. Then click next.
  4. Register the names for your user application: enter VFD1 in the Name text box. This user application is put on index 1. Click Next.

    Note: The name of the application is the VFD name. This comes later in the IFIX Project Editor under Communication | Ports in the Special options text box.

  5. Click Next. This screen appears, confirming you have completed configuring the module:
  6. The configuration is saved and the PC station is reconfigured. Your existing configuration data is overwritten. Click OK to confirm at the prompt.

This completes the module configuration.

Configuring the project with the PC Station Wizard

The next step to configure the project using the PC Station Wizard.

  1. Start the PC Station Wizard.
  2. Choose Create a new project and configuration. A new project is created. Click Next.
  3. Define a new Project name; this example uses IFIXS7. Specify where the copy of the local PC station settings resides, and then click Next.
  4. Select the Edit network and connection configuration option, and then click Finish. NetPro automatically starts, displaying the network configuration.
  5. Click the Application box in the PC station, and then choose Insert | New Connection. The Insert New Connection dialog box appears.
  6. Choose the Unspecified item in the tree. From the Type menu in the Connection area, choose S7 connection. Then click Apply, and then click OK.
  7. In the Properties -S7-Connection dialog box, the local IP Address should be the address of the Ethernet card in the PC. This example uses 192.168.0.190. The partner IP Address should be that of the Ethernet CP343 module in the PLC, in this case 192.168.0.148. The Local ID is the connection identifier of this connection (here it is S7-Connection_1). It will be used later on as the address of the IFIX I/O device. Click Address Details.

    Note: The Local ID S7-Connection_1 is used later in the IFIX Project Editor under Communication | I/O Devices in the I/O Device Address text box. This name is case-sensitive and cannot not contain any spaces.

  8. In the Address Details dialog box, enter the card location of the CPU that the SIMATIC S7 communicates with. Here the card location is 2. Click OK.

    Note: Some power supplies might occupy 2 slots. If so, the card location of the CPU is one higher at 3.

  9. In the NetPro window the new S7-Connection_1 connection appears. Choose Network | Save and Compile. The Save and Compile dialog box appears.
  10. Select the Compile and check everything option, and then click OK.
  11. After completing the save and compile operation, a message appears in the NetPro window. This indicates the warnings and errors present in the configuration. If warnings occur here, then this is to be handled as information only. But if errors occur, the project configuration cannot be loaded. To view errors, choose View |Outputs.
  12. Highlight by clicking on the PC Station (TESTXP). Afterwards the connection table disappears in the message window. From the NetPro menu choose PLC | Download | Selected Stations to transfer the project configuration to the PC. Alternatively, right-click the PC Station and choose Download | Selected Stations.
  13. To confirm the overwrite of configuration data and to proceed with the download, click Yes.
  14. To confirm stopping the Target Module (Network interface Card), click OK.
  15. The configuration should now be successfully loaded. Exit NetPro and click next, and next again to finish the Commissioning Wizard. If you have errors, see for details.

Defining an access point for the application

The next step is to define an access point for the application.

  1. The Configuration Console should appear after terminating the Commissioning Wizard. If it doesn’t, open the Configuration Console by selecting START / SIMATIC / Simatic Net / Settings / Configuration Console.
  2. In the Configuration Console dialog box, right-click the Access Point object, and choose New | New access point.

    Note: You can choose any name for the Access point, but it cannot contain spaces and be longer than 32 characters.

  3. In the New access point dialog box, enter your access point name (this example uses IFIXS7). Select the hardware component that will be associated with this access point (TCP/IP -> ASUSTeK/Broadcom 440x in the example).

    Note: The access point name is used later in IFIXSCADA in the Project Editor under Communication | Boards in the Special Options text box. The access point name is case-sensitive.

    After creating the access point the Configuration Console should look like this:

  4. Close the Configuration Console.

This completes the Simatic NET software configuration.

Configuring the S7 driver

The IFIX S7 driver needs three names (settings) from the SIMATIC NET software
configuration. The following points are needed:

SIMATIC NET Configuration
example
IFIX Info
Access point of the application IFIXS7 Boards, Special options
Field
VFD/Application Name VFD1 Ports, Special options Field
Name of the connection (or Local
ID)
S7-Connection_1 IODevices, Address Field

Using the Express Wizard

You use the Express Wizard to configure your communications.

  1. In IFIX Explorer, create a new (empty) test project.
  2. In the IFIXSCADA Project Editor, choose Communication | Express Wizard.
  3. In the wizard:
    • Create a new I/O Servers e.g. IOServer.
    • Create a new I/O Device e.g. IODev.
    • Select external as the type of the I/O Device (PLC): Select the Siemens | S7-300 or S7-400| TCPIP using NE2000 network CARD for Windows NT for NT/W2K/XP/2003, or the TCPIP using NE2000 network CARD for Windows 95/98 for 95/98/ME option.
  4. Define the name of the connection. In this example it is S7-Connection_1.

    Note: Do not select the Link I/O Device to an external tag Database option.

This completes this section.

Setting the Access Point

The next step in the process is to set the access point of the application.

  1. Open the Boards dialog box by choosing Communication | Boards.
  2. In the Special Opt text box, enter the access point of the application. This example uses IFIXS7.

Setting the VFD name

The next step is to set the VFD name.

  1. Open the Ports dialog box by choosing Communication | Ports.
  2. In the Special Opt text box enter the VFD Name. In this case VFD1.

Checking the name of the S7 connection

The next step is to check the name of the S7 connection.

  1. Open the I/O Device dialog box by choosing Communication | I/O Devices.
  2. In the Address field enter the name of the connection to the PLC. This example uses S7-Connection_1.

Variable declaration

The next step is to declare the variables.

  1. Open the Tags Form by choosing Tags | Variable Tags.
  2. Create a variable with the following information:
    • Variable Tag Name: TestInteger
    • I/O Device Name: IODev
    • Type: INT
    • Address: DB190,0

Troubleshooting your S7 connection

Question: I receive the following error message when downloading the PC station in the SIMATIC NCM PC manager:

  • “The module “station manager” cannot be contacted. Change the on-line interface.”
  • “For On-line connections via the PC internal interface a station name must be assigned in the component configurator. This name must be identical to the name of the PC station, as configured in the STEP7 (or Simatic Net) project.”
  • “Online: No connection could be made. The participant does not announce itself.”

Solution

  1. Check in SIMATIC NCM PC Manager under the Menu option Options | Set PG/PC Interface, whether the point of entrance S7ONLINE is linked with the PC internal (local) interface.
  2. The Station Configuration Editor tells you whether your module is Online. You can start the Station Configuration Editor by double-clicking the icon. This should not be OFFLINE, so to change its mode of operation, click Change Mode. The mode of operation should now change to ONLINE.
  3. Check the station name in the Station Configuration Editor. This must match with the name in SIMATIC NCM PC Manager. You can change the station name in the Station Configuration Editor by clicking Station Name.
  4. Open the Station Configuration Editor and the SIMATIC NCM PC Manager. Check the order and the number of configured components and the indexes that are used. These should match.

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